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Article Advanced Design for a Realistic Virtual Brush

Author(s): Songhua Xu, Francis Lau, Feng Tang, Yunhe Pan.
Article: Computer Graphics Forum, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 533--542, September, 2003.
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This paper proposes a novel algorithmic framework for an advanced virtual brush to be used in interactive digital painting. The framework comprises the following components: a geometry model of the brush using a hierarchical representation that leads to substantial savings in every step of the painting process; fast online brush motion simulation assisted by offline calibration that guarantees an accurate and stable simulation of the brush's dynamic behavior; a new pigment model based on a diffusion process of random molecules that considers delicateand complex pigment behavior at dipping time as well as during painting; and a user-adaptation component thatenables the system to cater for the personal painting habits of different users. A prototype system has been implemented based on this framework. Compared with other virtual brushes, this new system is designed to presenta realistic brush in the sense that the system accurately and stably simulates the complex painting functionality of a running brush, and therefore is capable of creating high-quality digital paintings with minute aesthetic details that can rival the real artwork. The advanced features also give rise to a high degree of expressiveness ofthe virtual brush that the user can comfortably manipulate.˜songhuale-brush/ provides supplementary materials for this paper.

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