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Proceedings Simulating Decorative Mosaics

Author(s): Alejo Hausner.
Proceedings: SIGGRAPH '01: Proceedings of the 28th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques, pp. 573--580, New York, NY, USA, ACM, 2001.
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This paper presents a method for simulating decorative tile mosaics. Such mosaics are challenging because the square tiles that comprise them must be packed tightly and yet must follow orientations chosen by the artist. Based on an existing image and user-selected edge features, the method can both reproduce the image's colours and emphasize the selected edges by placing tiles that follow the edges. The method uses centroidal voronoi diagrams which normally arrange points in regular hexagonal grids. By measuring distances with an manhattan metric whose main axis is adjusted locally to follow the chosen direction field, the centroidal diagram can be adapted to place tiles in curving square grids instead. Computing the centroidal voronoi diagram is made possible by leveraging the z-buffer algorithm available in many graphics cards.

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